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Institutions and organisations in Russian higher education: the example of Rostov region education services market

Institutions and organisations in Russian higher education: the example of Rostov region education services market

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper examines the process of transformation in institutional and organizational structures of Russian Higher Education (Rostov Region is taken as an example). Adaptive economic behavior of key actors on the Russian education services market has been studied in the context of constantly changing institutional and organizational environments. Original institutional approach in the tradition of J. Commons and J. Hodgson has been applied to analyze interconnections between institutions and organizations. The evolution of institutional and organizational structures in Russian Higher education has been divided into three stages. We distinguish between those stages taking into account the dynamics of quantitative indicators and the change in norms and standards that regulate actors’ behavior in the field. The period of 1990-2002 can be characterized by weakening of government regulation and, simultaneously, lack of financial support of Higher Education. Meanwhile, private Higher Education and paid university programmes developed rapidly during that period. These changes resulted in quantitative growth in the field on the one hand, and devaluation of Higher Education, on the other hand. It is assumed that the “bubble” in Russian Higher Education, which arose in 2002-2008, occurred to a great extent because of the expansion in extramural and lowquality full-time education aimed only at getting graduate diplomas. During the period of bubble formation and latter decline in demand on the Russian education services market, the Government strengthened norms and standards referring to regulation of Higher Education. Recent “optimization processes” of 2009-2015 resulted in reducing the number of students and lecturers, universities and their branches.

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Atypical employment: positive, negative and neutral forms

Atypical employment: positive, negative and neutral forms

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper contains a theoretical analysis of atypical employment. It is demonstrated that there are positive, neutral and negative forms of atypical employment. The difference between them consists in compensation provided to parties of labour relations. It is demonstrated that atypical employment may meet requirements of employees, employers and the state and this is why legal regulation and regulation of practical implementation of atypical employment should be very flexible).

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The family business research in Russia: the definition approaches and conceptual features

The family business research in Russia: the definition approaches and conceptual features

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper provides an overview of the Russian studies of the family business. It defines the main trends and directions of research and describes the evolutionary process of the "family business" category in the Russian scientific community from the initial interpretation of the family business as the business of the family’s head with involving his or her relatives in the business process to the family’s assets transferred by succession. Also the paper focuses on the specificity of the conceptual approaches to the family business phenomenon studies developed by Russian authors. The similarities and differences of research topics, used methodological approaches and tools in the Russian and Western studies of family business have been identified. The paper concludes improving scientific and practical interest of Russian researchers to the problem of institutionalizing of the family business succession and building an effective organizational culture in the family companies.

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Technology performance evaluation of scientific and educational activities of scientific-pedagogical staff in higher education

Technology performance evaluation of scientific and educational activities of scientific-pedagogical staff in higher education

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

This paper proposes a performance assessment tool research and teaching staff on the basis of a rating system that allows for the analysis of the results of key personnel of the higher school for criteria and determine the size of incentive payments. The rating model wage researchers and teachers bases on strengthening the incentive function of wages, aimed at personalization of scientific and educational activities of employees, which in modern conditions is the most relevant for use. The functions of stimulation, such as economic, moral and social are considered. The analysis methodologies for assessing university in the world and national rankings on the basis of which formed a system of indicators for assessing the activities of academic staff of higher education is represented. The necessity of development of an information system through which it is possible to carry out comprehensive analysis, that is to monitor the number of registered employees, to determine the share indices in the total ranking, to conduct the ranking points received by employees by industry and science in the context of structural units. The proposed information system is one element of technology assessment of effectiveness of the academic staff designed to evaluate the effectiveness of their activities and incentives, allows the analysis of criteria, based on which can be applied informed management decisions regarding the development of social and labor relations in the highest school.

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Import substitution strategy as one of the priority directions of revival of the coal industry in the Rostov region

Import substitution strategy as one of the priority directions of revival of the coal industry in the Rostov region

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

In the conditions of an economic crisis, threat of world recession and external economic pressure upon the forefront there are two priority economic tasks: maintaining economic and social stability and promote economic growth of the Russian economy and its regions. In a difficult foreign policy and external economic situation the Russian regions need the mobilization economic policy directed on full support of investors, enterprise initiatives and innovations, and also consolidation of all available economic resources in the most significant for economic growth regional projects and programs. The paper describes the prerequisites for the establishment of the program of import substitution in the coal mining industry of the Rostov region, aimed at the development of a regional manufacturer of products and technologies that can bring the market to a higher level of equipment for the maintenance of stability in the conditions of limited supply of components and materials from abroad.

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Strategic management in the agro-industrial complex and environment

Strategic management in the agro-industrial complex and environment

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

Agriculture and environmental economics have a number of specific features that have a significant influence on the formation of a strategic management system, and therefore the use of specific technology management. Attracting investment in the agricultural sector, the creation of the necessary social and physical infrastructure in rural areas, introduction of innovative technologies and modernization of production, providing the population with quality and food safety, the organization of profitable and competitive production, improving the security of the environment from anthropogenic influence to ensure the safety of human life, the rational use and protection of natural resources are key areas of strategic management in the fields of agribusiness and natural resources. Rostov region is a leading region for the production and processing of agricultural products to the Russian Federation, where the organization of management and development in the agricultural sector due to the complex of the main activities of the program-target planning of government programs. However, the reverse side of a high level of industry and agriculture development in the Rostov region is the strengthening of the negative impact on the environment. Strategic management in the field of ecology, aimed at environmental protection and rational use of natural resources provides a sustainable economic development of the Rostov region, raising the level and quality of life.

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Evolution of institutional structure of agro-industrial complex of Russia: 150-year trajectory of «traps»

Evolution of institutional structure of agro-industrial complex of Russia: 150-year trajectory of «traps»

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The authors have carried out a system-evolutional analysis of the institutional structure of local agroindustrial complex being a complicated historical process of suboptimal institutions and mechanisms’ changing in the negative aspect. The authors have made an attempt to specify the substance and content of the ‘agro-industrial institutional structure’ notion. The classification of agro-industrial institutional structure various forms by means of functional, level and reproduction approaches is elaborated in the article. General logics of periodization and historical tendencies in Russian agroindustrial complex institutional structure since 1861 and up to the present are given in the paper. Specific institutional agro-industrial complex “traps” according to evolution stages and implementation levels are presented. As a result, the authors have clarified the domain and developed basic categorial pattern of the agro-industrial complex institutional economic theory. The authors state that institutional structure, being the agro-industrial complex’s aspected factorial subsystem, is nothing but a complex of stable functional-status relations between economic entities in developing an integrated system of institutions, norms, rules, standards, procedures and institutes in the course of applying agrobiocenosis.

Views: 966

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Assessment of creation prospects of the effective economic stimulation mechanism of ecologically sustainable oil and gas complex development

Assessment of creation prospects of the effective economic stimulation mechanism of ecologically sustainable oil and gas complex development

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

Negative anthropogenous impact on environment is now felt especially sharply and gains global character that can lead to economic and ecological collapse, eventually. One of the most large-scale subjects of the economic environment doing harm to environment are the enterprises of an oil and gas complex as they in large volumes throw out the polluting substances and in high volumes take natural resources. However the field of activity of such enterprises is priority for national economy, and difficult interchangeability of energy raw material resources demands from the state and the oil and gas enterprises of development within realization of complete branch ecological-economic policy of the economic mechanism of stimulation of ecologically sustainable development of an oil and gas complex.
 
Experience of last years within regulation and stimulation of decrease in pollution shows that the most effective way of achievement of it is implementation of serious capital investments in introduction of the environmentally friendly technologies in production allowing to receive a smaller stream of pollution "at the exit" a production system, and also a recycling of resources that can be provided by introduction in practice of work of the company of the best available technologies. Problems of ecologically sustainable development will also be answered by problems of economy not only in production and power, but also in power - a consumer sector for what it is necessary to provide compliance of the technologies used in extracting and processing the energy sectors, with technologies of economy of energy in a consumer sector.
 
In the paper in this regard much attention is paid to possibility of formation of such economic mechanism via the public-private partnership mechanism that means that ecological-economic strategy of development of the enterprises of an oil and gas complex have to be coordinated with power strategy of development of regions and the countries in general.

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Assessment of structural shifts and differences of regional economic systems in Southern Russia

Assessment of structural shifts and differences of regional economic systems in Southern Russia

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

There are many methodologies for assessing structural changes in domestic and foreign practice. But there are no criteria for method selection according to research purposes, which complicates the choice of instruments. The paper presents the original results of calculations of structural shift indices. This indices can explain the differences between regional economic systems of Southern Russia. The author used the indicators of gross value added, employment and investment by sector of economy since 2005 for 2012 years for calculating indices of structural shifts. The research is based on Ryabtsev index estimation. For analysis of the structural differences of regions of Southern Russia the author chose Ryabtsev index for several reasons: the possibility of using any set of statistical data and the availability of an evaluation scale of structural differences. The results show that the smallest structural shifts we can observe in employment and the largest structural shifts in investment. In accordance with the degree of structural differences in the analyzed indicators, the author allocated groups of regions of Southern Russia, using a comparison of their economic structures. The data obtained in this research can be used to develop a strategy of regional development in view of their structural features.

Views: 968

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Study of the factors of interregional convergence/divergence in real incomes and «social well-being» of Russian regions

Study of the factors of interregional convergence/divergence in real incomes and «social well-being» of Russian regions

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The purpose of this paper is the measurement of the degree of inter-regional convergence / divergence of Russian regions in per capita GRP, nominal and real incomes and social well-being index (SWI) in 2004-2013, as well as the evaluation of the factors that have caused these changes. Methods: deflation of household incomes by means of relative cost of living index in the regions; measurement of social well-being, based on the index of localization of real incomes relatively intraregional Gini coefficient; calculation of weighted indices of inter-regional differentiation (Gini and variation coefficients, Hachman, Theil and Atkinson indexes); proportional method of factor analysis. Results obtained: 1) in 2004-2013 in Russia there was a convergence of all regional indicators, however, in a change of the social well-being index there are two periods of divergence: 2009 (a weak growth) and 2012 (a significant burst); 2) the main factors of regions’ convergence in the SWI were: (re) distribution factor (its impact over time increased significantly), inflation factor (it is observed a small reduction in its influence) and the factor of intraregional income inequality (its influence is mainly depleted). The results may be useful for different levels government in the management of regional development.

Views: 1060

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Budgetary risks: options of trajectories

Budgetary risks: options of trajectories

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

Today research of a perspective of the budgetary risk is rather actively conducted in scientific community. Nevertheless, realities testify that process of judgment of the category "budgetary risk" is in the beginning of a research way. It is important to solve scientific problems: to classify the budgetary risks and to define options of trajectories of their development on prospect. One of versions of the solution of the first task division of risks into 3 groups on 5 risks in each group is. The increase or decrease in level of each of the considered risks forms its unique trajectory. However unlike the first scientific task, "Growth", "Stabilization" and "Decrease" is about a limited set of options of trajectories with combinations of vectors here. Importance of definition of a vector of development of the budgetary risks allows to concentrate at their assessment on narrower circle of factors that not only simplifies actually procedure of an assessment, but also approaches to possibility of addition of separate budgetary risks for the purpose of receiving the general resultant risk.

Views: 962

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The monetary policy of the European Central Bank in modern conditions

The monetary policy of the European Central Bank in modern conditions

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper presents the monetary policy analysis of the European Central Bank (ECB) under the present crisis conditions. The paper systematizes the ECB monetary policy in today's crisis and researches it at different stages of the crisis. A detailed analysis showed that the ECB's monetary policy is significantly different from the actions of other central banks during the current crisis (for example, the Federal Reserve). Thus, the ECB unconventional monetary policy combined with traditional measures, but does not replace them. Often ECB use credit easing instead of quantitative easing. The ECB's monetary policy used not only to combat the financial crisis, such as the Fed, but also to deal with the debt crisis. These features of the ECB’s monetary policy were due to both the institutional characteristics of the European Union, as well as special conditions of flow of the financial crisis in the euro zone.

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Reduction methods of the corruption risks in the public procurement sphere

Reduction methods of the corruption risks in the public procurement sphere

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

While the dominant place in the Russian state policy against corruption belongs to the struggle against low-level corruption, virtually, high-level corruption is tending to be ignored. In these conditions it is highly important to analyze international experience for the reduction of its risks. The fact that the issue is closely connected to politics in order to satisfy the needs of public sector, is exacerbated more by the huge sums of public expenditures and simultaneously growing losses because of the corruption. Author analyzes international experience of the corruption restriction in the public procurement system beginning with the UN Convention against corruption and ending with the modern widely spread in international practice method of disqualification. The comparative analysis of international and Russian anti-corruption policies in the public procurement sphere was conducted. The author substantiated the methods of corruption revelation and the ways of resistance towards corruption which help to reduce the losses. In the final analysis complex arrangements for the corruption restriction were proposed.

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The modeling of corruption economics: theoretical approaches

The modeling of corruption economics: theoretical approaches

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The increasing scale of corruption risk in public procurement system requires the intensification of theoretical analyses of existing models in the sphere of corruption economics and estimation of international experience in their practical applications. Two models of the economics of corruption were analyzed: static model of rent acquisition, C. Rose-Ackerman's dynamic model of corruption and F. T. Lui dynamic model. Thereupon, the disqualification institution applied in developed countries and Russian institution of unfair suppliers list were estimated. The author made conclusion of high efficiency of public control institution as preventing and correctional measure for reducing corruption.

Views: 984

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Economic risks of the system of state and municipal procurement

Economic risks of the system of state and municipal procurement

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

In the paper the audit of economic risks at all stages of procurement for state and municipal needs from both customers and bidders is carried out on the basis of the implementation of the integrated approach . Stages in the procurement under a single contract system, which is characterized by the high economic risks are planning, supplier selection, conclusion and execution of the contract. A number of the measures according to the localization of economic risks are offered, in particular the implementation of compliance programs, which institutionalize the compliance by the organization, anti-corruption legislation; increasing qualification of specialists in public procurement and increased control through centralization of procurement.

Views: 1007

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Innovation public procurement in Russia: problems of institutional arrangements

Innovation public procurement in Russia: problems of institutional arrangements

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper explores the problems of public procurement in innovation sphere in Russia, its institutional organization. In international practice, some strategies of innovation stimulation (by public procurement) are developing. There is necessity to use more elements of these strategies in Russian National Procurement System. The active National Public Procurement System has no enough effective methods and instruments for stimulating innovation development now.

Views: 1102

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Issues of remedial development of forms in criminal proceedings

Issues of remedial development of forms in criminal proceedings

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 6 (no. 4),

The paper deals with the main issues of the modern concept of the criminal proceeding differentiation in terms of new methodological and theoretical approaches - models of criminal justice and the theory of criminal procedural strategy. This draws attention to a trend to expand the scope of application in criminal proceedings, along with production and procedural forms of justice and law and technology. In connection with what is considered their place in the structure of modern criminal procedure, the application conditions and development prospects.
 
For a long time in the theory of criminal systemology a key element in the process acted as a procedural form of normative-functional complex stages and phases of activity in the pre-trial and judicial parts of the criminal justice system. Its mission has been focused on the achievement of major milestones in the implementation of justice, which, ultimately, are expressed in establishing the truth in the case. Thus, there was a two-element mechanism consisting of pre-trial proceedings, due to the need to solve the crime and bringing charges and proceedings, consisting primarily of the trial based on the principles of justice.
 
This order, established regulations, is unified - it is equally applied to all categories of criminal cases and with all the procedural authorities.
 
Modern criminal procedure is a differentiated form in which, along with established procedural steps and process of production, and has been actively used legal procedural technology.

Views: 993

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