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Industry Platforms and New Industrial Policy in Russia

Industry Platforms and New Industrial Policy in Russia

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article aims at clarifying Russian industrial policy as a result of business models changing and market reconstruction. The research bass on the hypothesis that the choice of the industrial policy administrative measures depends on the object of management. It is important to link government regulation of markets with corporate strategies. We reveal that modern economic systems based on using of electronic technologies, big data, and innovative activity. Technological platforms as the single organizational and economic mechanisms affect economic systems very much. We study the content and main characteristics of a business model, is called the "technological platform". We also identify the main required changes in industrial policy. We analyze the matching between scientific and technological scenarios of the Russian economic development and the technological platform. There are two areas of the new industrial policy. They are: a multi-sectoral approach to regulating and improving the quality of the national institutional environment. The industrial and cluster management approaches are inefficient in modern conditions. There is a need for each platform of its technological development scenario. We also clarify the role of the state in the functioning of technological platforms.

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Theoretical Aspects in Developing Directions for Risking Terroristic Threats for National Economy

Theoretical Aspects in Developing Directions for Risking Terroristic Threats for National Economy

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The current stage of the existence of the world community is characterized by an ever-increasing level of threat of the emergence of undesirable effects on the world economy of acts of a terrorist nature. Historical facts show that such phenomenon as terrorism can take place in any state of the world, regardless of the standard of living of the population, education and other factors. However, studies in this area still show that countries with an underdeveloped economy and a low standard of living of the population are more likely to be affected by terrorist acts. Such states can act as the "cradle" of terrorism and this, first of all, affects their economic and social situation. But practice shows that terrorism is capable of spreading actively around the world, therefore, an important element in preventing the emergence of terrorism is the construction of an integral system of national economic security, with a special place to search for and develop methods and approaches to reduce the risks of terrorist threat. The article is devoted to the consideration of topical issues of the theory of the emergence of a terrorist threat, as well as the possible negative impact of terrorist acts on the national economy, its security and stability. In addition, the article suggests an improved scheme of risks of the national economy, as well as a scheme of types of diversification of risks of a terrorist threat, and a mechanism for managing the risk of a terrorist threat to the national economy has been developed.

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The Factors of Forming the National HR-Management Model

The Factors of Forming the National HR-Management Model

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

There are some factors considered in this article, which influence the forming of national HR-management model. The group-forming criterion is the nature of factors, that determine the system of HR-management as a system of corporate culture values, norms and rules of organizational behavior, ways of realization some important managing functions and dominating approaches to make decisions. This article shows that the plurality of combinations in different factors leads to forming the unique HR-management model. The geoclimatic factor influences the principles of the labor organization (orientation primarily on individual or collective forms of labor, attitude to the management experience of other countries, attitude to resources, etc.), the distribution of labor resources, the level of labor mobility, and the psychosocial type of employee. Models of man's labor behavior are constituted In the process of historical development. Attention is focused on the formation of a national HR-model, such as the conducted socio-economic policy, the characteristics of the institutional environment, economic goals and priorities of the country's development, the level of development and the nature of the national productive forces and economic structures. Much attention was paid to the analysis of the historically formed value system and labor traditions, which influence the approaches to HR-management. As far as religion influences the model of person’s inclusion in labor, motives of labor behavior, management culture of a certain employee, preferred payment etc., we examined how the main traditional religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism) influence the HR-management system in different countries.

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Modeling the Effects of State Influence on the Dynamics of the Regional Entrepreneurial Environment

Modeling the Effects of State Influence on the Dynamics of the Regional Entrepreneurial Environment

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article discusses the problem of forming effective levers of state support for entrepreneurship development, characterized by low dynamics and regional disparities. It is proposed to consider the business environment as a special institution of regional stability, a resource for development and an essential element of the reproductive process. This approach allows us to form conceptually new approaches to managing the regional entrepreneurial environment, creating new enterprises and improving their survival. The article substantiates the necessity of using non-financial categories of motivation for entrepreneurial activity, which are proposed to be considered in the "attractiveness" category format. Based on the analysis of modern theoretical approaches in this area, it is concluded that the use of the concept of Robbinsonian maximizers seems promising, in which the utility for the entrepreneur from business activities increases due to non-financial factors that enhance the overall economic effect. Cognitive and statistical modeling of possible invariants of such a combination was carried out, which confirmed the basic assumptions about the importance of such an effect as autonomy when deciding whether to start an entrepreneurial activity. The result of the research allows expanding the toolkit of state support and stimulating the development of the business environment in the region.

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Improvement of cluster interaction of economic entities in the construction industry

Improvement of cluster interaction of economic entities in the construction industry

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article deals with the development of interaction between economic entities of the construction industry in the formation and implementation of the territorial-production construction cluster. A scheme for the development of the construction industry is proposed on the basis of improving the intra-cluster interaction of economic entities in the territorial-production construction cluster. The mechanism of interaction of participants of intra-cluster interaction of economic entities of the territorial-production construction cluster is presented. It is noted that the presence of contradictions between the interests of the participants in the interaction is the main problem arising from the conflict of interests between them. Attention is drawn to the totality of economic entities that are part of the collaboration in the formation of a territorial-production construction cluster. The article argues the use of the institution of public-private partnership as an integrator of interaction between state, municipal and business structures in the construction industry. Presented and commented on the ongoing projects of public-private partnership in the form of concession agreements, examples are given of attracting additional investment resources in the construction industry. The need to expand the possibility of the institute of public-private partnership with the aim of attracting additional investment resources to this branch and reducing costs due to intra-cluster interaction of economic entities was noted. The main tasks are solved within the framework of proposed institutional changes in the construction industry. As a result of the work, it was noted that attracting investments by business structures within the framework of concession agreements between state, municipal and entrepreneurial structures allows solving a number of specific tasks of the construction industry and creating institutional conditions for concluding new contracts in the industry.

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Comparative Analysis of Institutional Innovations in Higher Education: Federal vs Flagship

Comparative Analysis of Institutional Innovations in Higher Education: Federal vs Flagship

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The paper deals with the processes related to the federal and flagship universities’ establishment and performance in the Russian regions. The review of the literature on institutional change in higher education has enabled the authors to identify several university models classified depending on the methods of replicating old and creating new managerial hierarchies: collegial, democratic, state and market ones. Specific types of strategies which universities can choose to achieve their goals are specified as follows: institutional strategy, market strategy and resource strategy. It is justified in the article that the dominance of the state model of universities in the Russia imposes restrictions on the simultaneous use of several strategies. An analogy has been drawn between the principles of the federal and flagship universities’ establishment in Russian regions and "forced institutional isomorphism", on the one hand; on the other hand, the features of "mimetic institutional isomorphism" as the characteristics of the imitative practices universities from regions follow are revealed. The historical background of the process of federal and flagship universities’ institutionalization in Russia is examined. The article analyzes strategic documents – development programs of the higher education institutes: two of them located in the Southern Federal District, Rostov Region (Southern Federal University and one of the first flagship universities in Russia – Don State Technical University), and two are from the Siberian Federal District (Siberian Federal University and a flagship one – Siberian State Aerospace University). The following factors are suggested as adversely affecting universities’ performance: loss of autonomy and strengthening of regulations in financial transactions in the newly formed structural divisions of both federal and flagship universities; increased administrative workload on the management of structural subdivisions and scientific and pedagogical staff; prevalence of rationing transactions in the management hierarchies of universities.

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Marketing Implant as a Tool for Manage Business Development in Terms Aggravating Contradictions of Different Nature

Marketing Implant as a Tool for Manage Business Development in Terms Aggravating Contradictions of Different Nature

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article focuses reasons give rise to problems in the functioning and development of the Russian economy. The unbalanced interests of the State, business, various social groups of society and workers have been identified in the creation conditions and preconditions for mitigating the impact crisis, removal of growing motivational and resource contradictions and providing a trend on sustained economic growth. The paper focuses the approaches to solving the problems of the country's economic development. The place and role of the resource deflector and resource decompensation in the implementation of productive, technological, innovation and marketing changes in value chains is revealed. A motivational factor has been identified to build rational business marketing behavior. The economic nature of marketing-behavioral reflection and its manifestation in the nature of also market relations and business growth have been revealed. Resource components of the enterprise interaction in the development marketing decisions to reduce the effects of various dissonances in the initiator's marketing communication field within the boundaries of specific territories has been proved. In this article, the authors explained measures to implement positive socio-economic changes in the economies of local territorial entities by increasing business activity and increasing their social responsibility. It is offered as a tool to manage the economic growth of business to form a marketing implant that, through its marketing and resource adaptation to the requirements of the market and business process reengineering to synchronize marketing behavior of market players involved in the cooperation to resolve external and internal contradictions of varying scope and nature.

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The Trading Company of the Don Cossacks and MLiTAO in 1917: Breaking Traditional Foundations or Adapting to New Conditions. Based on the Materials of the GARO

The Trading Company of the Don Cossacks and MLiTAO in 1917: Breaking Traditional Foundations or Adapting to New Conditions. Based on the Materials of the GARO

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article analyzes the state of the Cossack business communities of the Trade Society and MLiTAO during the revolutionary period of 1917. The expediency of scientific research for modern science and practice consists in finding the experience of work of business organizations in the acute crisis conditions of revolutionary time. The documents of the Trading Society of Don Cossacks in 1917 are confused and devoid of the former system. There are no reports of meetings of trustees, reviews of the socio-economic situation on the state of the branches of production. The main activity was aimed at the fulfillment of supplies related to military needs, the organization of self-protection of the military territories, attempts to clarify its own future under the new conditions. The work of the MLiTAO was more practical, the documents were devoted to economic issues and did not affect participation in the revolutionary events of 1917. The materials confirm the existence of an unstable situation, but do not contain information indicating a deep crisis, stopping or malfunctioning of organizations. This is due to the fact that large-scale military operations on the Don began after 1917. Separate cases of transition to a natural exchange or violation of supply contracts can not affirmatively answer the question of feudalization or the nature of the changes in capitalist relations in the region. Don entrepreneurs perceived political transformations as an update of the political system, democratic changes.

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Public Procurement as One of the Institutions of New Industrial Policy

Public Procurement as One of the Institutions of New Industrial Policy

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 8 (no. 4),

The article shows the role of public procurement in the formation of the new economic policy. It is proved that the public procurement market is a source of in-vestment in the economy. Analyzed the role of certain prohibitions and restrictions on a policy of import substitution. The application of national treatment to limit the turnover of foreign products was used in the 19th century and is widely used in modern industrial policy, especially in the procurement of goods through the state and municipal budgets. In this regard, the article highlights some issues and ques-tions that arise in state and municipal customers in the provider definition, if a ban or restriction on the purchase of foreign products. Namely, denotes the problem of determining the country of origin of goods, especially when a normative act does not contain reference to any document. For example, procurement of certain medi-cal devices expressed concerns that certain restrictions on the purchase of foreign products can lead to the creation of artificial monopoly in the market, which in turn can lead to lower quality of goods. This article uses the normative legal acts adopted within the framework of national treatment as of December 2017.

Views: 465

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