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Evolution of Old Industrial Regions in the Economy of Russia

Evolution of Old Industrial Regions in the Economy of Russia

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The article is devoted to the regularities of the evolution of old-industrial regions from the point of view of the theory of wave-like change of technological structures. Formation of the old- industrial regions is caused by a "failure" of development, when the region, successfully mastering the "old" technological wave, misses the beginning of the "new" technological wave. For the first time the phenomenon of the formation of the old- industrial regions manifested itself in imperial Russia, when the "mining engineering civilization" of the Urals and Altai, successful throughout almost the entire XVIII century, in the first half of the XIX century. Entered a state of protracted stagnation. "Explosion" of the number of old-industrial regions of Russia occurred in the last quarter of the twentieth century: the majority of industrial centers were synchronously formed during the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s–1950s. And therefore synchronously entered a state of qualitative lag from the latest technology. In modern Russia there is an internal heterogeneity of the old-industrial regions – in their composition territories can be identified that are at different stages of evolutionary development. The prospects of development as industrial-type territories are far from being all regions that currently belong to the old-industrial type. This will lead, in the long term, to a reduction in the number of industrial-type territories, which cannot be regarded as an unambiguously positive process, as it casts doubt on the success of the re-industrialization policy. Currently, within the group of old-industrial regions, the process of formation of new types of territories is actively under way, the emergence of which is associated with the spread of high technology and should lead to the strengthening of the role of industrial regions in ensuring post-industrial development of the country.

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The efficiency of economic relations in the new economy

The efficiency of economic relations in the new economy

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

Radical changes in the technological basis of production irreversibly transformerait and economic relations in the entire chain of reproduction process. Change not only the content, characteristics, properties of economic relations, but also their form. In conditions of intensifying resource scarcity, ensuring the realization of the fourth and the emerging fifth and sixth technological structures, as well as the contradictions of production and the environment the question of efficiency of economic relations is of paramount importance. Usually, effectiveness know the balance of costs and benefits. However, this “hard” approach to the definition of the notion “efficiency”, and therefore unproductive for the practice of the organization for economic interactions. The author propose a different, “softer” approach, according to which efficiency is not determined by the ratio of costs and benefits, and the ability to achieve the goals of social production. The author, after G. Jonas, convinced that “if humanity wants to survive, in their business activities it shall be guided by the principle of responsibility to nature and future generations” (Jonas, 2004), and the principle of economic responsibility in the organization of economic relations. An expansive understanding of resources strategic development proposed О. Belokrylova and N. Boghosian (boghosian and belokrylova, 2016) will refer to the resources for strategic development and economic responsibility! The article substantiates the need to consider economic responsibilities as a resource for strategic development.

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National Innovation System and Its Role in Increasing GDP Per Capita (Evidence from Russia)

National Innovation System and Its Role in Increasing GDP Per Capita (Evidence from Russia)

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

This study aims to determine the impact of different national innovation system dimensions on the GDP per capita in Russia. In order to achieve this aim, elements of the national innovation system in Russia were analyzed according to the different dimensions (innovation dimension, economic dimension and institutional dimension), during the period 2000–2016. The empirical study includes 23 variables represent different aspects of national innovation system. All these variables were composed into three factors correspond to dimensions of national innovation system. This study concludes that there is a significant relationship between GDP per capita and both the innovation and economic dimension. However, there is no relationship between GDP per capita and the institutional dimension of the national innovation system. This study provides a set of proposed policies to enhance the role of the institutional dimension in the process of developing the national innovation system in Russia.

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Institute of industrial parks as an instrument of sustainable economic development of the region

Institute of industrial parks as an instrument of sustainable economic development of the region

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The article analyzes the experience of formation of industrial and agro-industrial clusters in ensuring sustainable development of the region's economy and reducing its territorial imbalances. The current absence of a coherent production system capable of ensuring, on the one hand, the economic security of the region, and, on the other, accelerating the pace of its development, poses the task of theoretically substantiating effective development institutions. The formation of a system of industrial parks as points of growth and zones of advanced development contributes to the solution of these complex problems of territorial development. The implementation of the proposed institutional model the classification of parks in accordance with the characteristics of a promising specialization of the Rostov region. Specialization of industrial parks and their territorial distribution allows to provide uniform and steady economic development of all territory of the region. However, in addition to the development of domestic demand, the formation of a network of industrial parks can act as a factor in strengthening the position of the region in the interregional and international economic arenas. The formation of the system is also important for the development of transport and engineering infrastructure. Localization of production groups will allow to form and develop a high-quality engineering system, as well as the ability to reduce the cost of connection and maintenance of communications. In order to assess the current potential for the development of a holistic system, the article presents an overview of the current state of industrial parks of the Rostov region and the main parameters of their functioning.

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The institution of family entrepreneurship in modern Russia

The institution of family entrepreneurship in modern Russia

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The analysis of condition of family entrepreneurship’s institute in the Russian Federation at the present stage of development is presented in article. The emphasis on the actual absence of the institutional status at family business is placed that complicates process of economic subjects' differentiation in a segment of family entrepreneurship considerably and promotes emergence of need in specification of institutional borders. A large share of family companies in Russia has a small age or at the stage of origin. It is possible to talk only about the employment of family members at the enterprise, but not about the succession of business. It is noted that a considerable part of the domestic family companies is actually small enterprises (microenterprises) today. Family businesses have the following advantages: ease of registration, feasible costs for registering a new company, the ability to work without a bank account, the simplicity of accounting and taxation procedures, independence in selecting costs by entrepreneurs, and the transformation of competition policies related to the nature of family business. The extreme importance of this institute for Russia as the state with the unstable institutional economic environment is defined. The conclusion is drawn that development of family entrepreneurship in a modern difficult economic situation can serve as the guarantor of political stability in the country.

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Forecasting the bankruptcy of an organization based on metric methods of data mining

Forecasting the bankruptcy of an organization based on metric methods of data mining

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The article presents an approach to estimating the risk of bankruptcy of organizations of various fields of activity and industry, including water management complexes, based on inductive metric methods of data mining. One of the tasks of data analysis is the classification problem that arises in different spheres and branches of business. In the present paper a binary classification is considered when each object belongs to one of the two classes “bankrupt” or “not bankrupt”. A distinctive feature of this work is the use of qualitative factors - assessments of experts on the six features of this risk. The article compares five groups of methods with different types of distance functions, including the Euclidean metric and the Chebyshev distance, as well as four types of kernels for the method of potential functions. To adjust the parameters of the algorithms, a cross-validation of their quality is performed on the training and test samples. The simulation results showed that for some of the metrics in object space, the learning methods discussed show a good agreement with the initial data and demonstrate a small error on the test data. Training and optimization algorithms were implemented in the development environment of Visual Studio 2017 in the programming language C #. Given the simplicity of the implementation of metric methods, their reliability, the ability of algorithms to analyze significant amounts of information, it is assumed that the proposed approach to forecasting bankruptcy will be useful to representatives of small and medium-sized businesses and will provide an objective and accurate picture of the financial situation of the enterprise, current threats and the risk of bankruptcy.

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Marketing on the labor market: essence, experience, trends

Marketing on the labor market: essence, experience, trends

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The labor market is not static. Different changes are constantly taking place. At the moment the labor market in the Russian Federation is influenced by crisis phenomena. The crisis forces employers to redefine the policy of attracting and retaining personnel. There has been a fierce struggle of business for hunting the best workers. At the stage of growing competition the positive formation of HR-brand of companies is important. Employer brand is indispensable for development of any organization. Thanks to the positive brand, companies significantly reduce their funds for the recruitment, ensure the loyalty of employees, turnover becomes minimal. In this regard Russian organizations began to pay more attention to such a new instrument of human resources management as personnel marketing. Using this tool, companies can achieve an increase in the real contribution and productivity of staff without attracting any additional funds. Personnel marketing is entire philosophy of human resources management. Its direction in the organization determines a number of factors, such as external – development of technology, situation in the labor market, social needs, current legislation, strategies and activities of competitors, and internal – organization's goals, financial resources. Personnel potential. The article is devoted to the research of personnel marketing organization at Russian and foreign enterprises, the level of development of countries in the field of personnel marketing, as well as the popularity of this type of management activity. The subject of the research is the Russian and foreign enterprises. The objective of this research project is to analyze the differences of foreign and domestic experience in the field of personnel marketing.

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«Silver Economics» A New Approach to the Problem of Aging

«Silver Economics» A New Approach to the Problem of Aging

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The author of the article suggests addressing the problems of the elderly population in terms of incentives for the development of the Russian economy. Given the aging of the population and the projected growth in the number of people over working age, their relative density in the population of the country, the increase in the demographic burden and gender disproportions, the preservation of established attitudes and stereotypes towards the elderly population entails serious political, financial and social risks. This state of affairs viewed unequivocally as one of the most serious challenges of the 21st century, affecting the state's financial policy and the philosophy of standards for work and attitude towards older people. The article draws attention to the global trend of population aging, employment growth of older people, motivation for employment, as well as the experience of developed countries in the issues of population aging. Factors capable of demoralizing the older generation are revealed, as a result of which they do not take an active part in the life of society and the economy of the country. Proposals are made to accumulate the potential of people of pension and pre-retirement age into the resource of the society. Based on the analysis of available information, suggestions are made on the development of economic policies and policies of the state in relation to working older people.

Views: 449

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The blockchain as a tool of the digital economy

The blockchain as a tool of the digital economy

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

In the formation of the Russian economy the economic development of the country depends on the speed of the transition to the digital economy, defined as the economic activity, in which the key factor of production is the data in digital form, processing large volumes and the use of which the analysis of the results compared with traditional forms of management can significantly improve the effectiveness of different types of production, technology, equipment, storage, sale, delivery of goods and services. Without the digital economy it is impossible to ensure the country's competitiveness on the world market, in this connection, the digital economy is the main priority of economic development of our country. One of the tools of the digital economy, allowing to provide all the necessary conditions and mechanisms for technology is the technology blokcheyn. Blokcheyn gradually introduced not only in all areas of business, but also in education, because the interaction between business and science is making a huge contribution to the growth in the number of innovative products and services. In the article the concept blokcheyna as a block chain, a distributed database, a distributed registry technology, where there is no centralized control, which could dispose blokcheynom in its sole discretion, necessity of transition to modern technologies; blokcheyn technology features that reduce energy - and time-consuming to process the information; problems of transition to digital media in the educational institutions, which are reflected in their performance; blokcheyn technology, requiring a change of management, governance, financial management, specific people, and infrastructure development. Implementation blokcheyn technology will automate the production and delivery of services, which will lead to an era of digital contracts and paperless transactions, significant savings in resources. Economic stability will keep the educational institutions with modern advanced digital infrastructure that will allow them to be competitive.

Views: 529

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Fundamentals of intelligent procurement system

Fundamentals of intelligent procurement system

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 1),

The article is devoted to innovation in the procurement system. An assessment of regulation in the digital economy is being carried out. Russia’s role in the innovative development of countries, its infrastructure component is determined. The possibilities of using new information technologies in public procurement are considered to create an intelligent system based on blockchain, smart contracts and artificial intelligence. Identified stages of the development procurement system, and their current stage is estimated – «electronization» with the prospect of transition to «digitalization». The concept «intelligent procurement system» is introduced for the first time. The potential and risks of using intelligent information technologies in purchases are analyzed. The scope of digital solutions in the construction of an intelligent system is determined. New trends in the labor market and procurement specialists are being researched. The influence of two mediating phenomena affecting the labor market and supplementary vocational training in the purchases is underlined. The key skills required in the digital economy are highlighted. The significant role of electronic trade system in improving the procurement system is substantiated. The need for the development of a program document ‒ the concept of developing a procurement system, reflecting the main approaches to smart regulation and management of contract activities in the digital economy is formulated.

Views: 541

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