Pushkinskaya st. 43. office 10
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
e-mail: info@hjournal.ru 
tel. +7(863) 269-88-14

cubsEN (2)

Factors of Technological Modernization in Russia and Typical Mistakes of Institutional Reforms

Factors of Technological Modernization in Russia and Typical Mistakes of Institutional Reforms

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 11 (no. 4),

The paradox of innovative insensitivity (insensitivity) of the Russian manufacturing sector is considered in the article. It consists in the implementation by the authorities of various and large-scale initiatives to accelerate the technological modernization of the Russian economy with extremely low returns from them. To illustrate this paradox, we consider a retrospective of institutional reforms in science, higher education, and the manufacturing sector. For a deeper understanding of failures in the field of acceleration of technological progress, the reform theory and the general theory of social development are combined, which allows us to obtain an adequate analytical apparatus. A typology of mistakes made during the reform of the Russian economy modernization has been developed. This typology includes six types of mistakes: the direction of the reforms (wrong priorities of reform); the instruments of reform (inadequate methods of control); the scale of the reform (too large or too small a program of changes); speed of reform (excessively fast or extremely delayed reform); inconsistency of the reform (radical change of the reform vector); inconsistency of reforms (lack of consistency of reforms in complementary areas: technology, institutions, culture and welfare). All these types of mistakes are illustrated by two real examples, mainly from the field of science and higher education. The possibility of applying typology in the practice of designing and implementing reforms is considered.

Keywords: modernization; reform theory; institutions; principle of consistency

  • Aaron, J. (2000). Growth and Institutions: A Review of the Evidence. The World Bank Research Observer, 15(1), 99–135. DOI: 10.1093/wbro/15.1.99.
  • Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. (2017) Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty. Moscow: Eksmo, 720 p. (In Russian).
  • Balatsky, E. (2005). Dissertation trap. Svobodnaya Mysl, 2, 92–104. (In Russian).
  • Balatsky, Ye.V. (2014). Syndrome of Reforms’ Arrhythmia in the Higher Education. Journal of the New Economic Association, 24(4), 111–140. (In Russian).
  • Balatsky, Е. (2019). General Theory of Social Development and Cycles of Coercion. Social Sciences and Contemporary World, 5, 156–174. DOI: 10.31857/S086904990006569-7. (In Russian).
  • Balatsky, E.V., Ekimova, N.A. (2019). Russia in the world system of labour productivity. World of the new economy, 13(3), 14–28. DOI: 10.26794/2220-6469-2019-13-3-14-28.
  • Balatsky, E., Pliskevich, N. (2017). Economic Growth under Extractive Institutions: the Soviet Paradox and Contemporary Events. Mir Rossii, 26(4), 97–117. DOI: 10.17323/1811-038X-2017-26-4-97-117. (In Russian).
  • Blanchard, O. (1997). The Economics of Post-Communist Transition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 149 p. DOI: 10.1093/0198293992.001.0001.
  • Diamond, J. (2017). Guns, germs, and steel: The fates of human societies. Moscow: АSТ, 768 p. (In Russian).
  • Eskindarov, M. (2020). Education is what will save Russia. Rektor vuza, 8, 10–17. (In Russian).
  • Graham, L. (2014). Will Russia be able to compete? The history of innovations in tsarist, Soviet and modern Russia. Moscow: Mann, Ivanov and Ferber. 272 p. (In Russian).
  • Hellman, J.S. (1998). Winners Take All: The Politics of Partial Reform in Postcommunist Transitions. World Politics, 50(2), 203–234. DOI: 10.1017/S0043887100008091.
  • Kirdina-Chandler, S. (2018). Western and Non-western Institutional Models in Time and Geographical Space. Theoretical Economics, 1, 73–88. DOI: 10.24411/2587-7666-2018-00005. (In Russian).
  • Nikolaev, I.A., Marchenko, T.E. (2018). Labor productivity: tasks, calculation features, comparisons. Moscow: FBK Institute of Strategic Analysis, 10 p. (In Russian).
  • North, D., Wallis, J., Weingast, B. (2011). Violence and social orders. A conceptual framework for interpreting recorded human history. Moscow: Izd. Gaidar Institute, 480 p. (In Russian).
  • Persson, T., Tabellini, G. (2002). Political Economics: Explaining Economy Policy. Southern Economic Journal, 68(3), 738–742. DOI: 10.2307/1061733.
  • Piketty, T. (2016). Capital in the twenty-first century. Moscow: Ad Marginem Press, 592 p. (In Russian.).
  • Polterovich, V.M. (2005). Towards a Manual for Reformers: Some Conclusions from the Theory of Economic Reform. Economics of Contemporary Russia, 28(1), 7–24. (In Russian.).
  • Polterovich, V.M. (2007). Elements of the Reform Theory. Moscow: Ekonomika, 447 p. (In Russian).
  • Polterovich, V. M. (2018a). Towards a general theory of socio-economic development. Part 1. Geography, institutions, or culture? Voprosy ekonomiki, 11, 1–22. DOI: 10.32609/0042-8736-2018-11-5-26. (In Russian).
  • Polterovich, V. M. (2018б). Towards a general theory of socio-economic development. Part 2. Evolution of coordination mechanisms. Voprosy ekonomiki, 12, 77–102. DOI: 10.32609/0042-8736-2018-12-77-102. (In Russian).
  • Rodrik, D. (1996). Understanding Economic Policy Reform. Journal of Economic Literature, 34(1), 9–41.
  • Roland, G. (2000). Transition and Economics: Politics, Markets and Firms. Cambridge: MIT Press, 400p.
  • Stiglitz, J. (1998). Diverse Tools, Wider Goals: Move to the PostWashington Consensus. Voprosy Economiki, 8, 4–34. (In Russian).
  • Taleb, N. N. (2018). Skin in the Game: Hidden Asymmetries in Daily Life. Moscow: KoLibri, Azbuka-Attikus. 384 p. (In Russian).
  • Tirole, J. (1996). A Theory of Collective Reputations (with applications to the persistence of corruption and to firm quality). The Review of Economic Studies, 63(1), 1–22. DOI: 10.2307/2298112.
  • Volchik, V.V., Korytsev, M.A., Maslyukova, E.V. (2018). Institutional traps and New Public Management in education and science. The Manager, 9(6), pp. 17–29. DOI: 10.29141/2218-5003-2018-9-6-2. (In Russian).
  • Volchik, V.V., Maslyikova, E.V. (2019). Reforms, Tacit Knowledge, and Institutional Traps in Education and Science. Terra Economicus, 17(2), pp. 146–162. DOI: 10.23683/2073-6606-2019-17-2-146-162. (In Russian).
  • Volchik, V. V., Shiriaev, I. M. (2020). Distant higher education under self-isolation and the problem of institutional traps. Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 14(2), pp. 235–248. DOI: 10.21202/1993-047X.14.2020.2.235-248. (In Russian).
  • Welzel, Ch. (2017). Freedom rising. Moscow: VTsIOM, 404 p. (In Russian).
Publisher: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Founder: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Online ISSN: 2412-6047
ISSN: 2078-5429