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What is the institute? (the experiment of institutional evolution)

What is the institute? (the experiment of institutional evolution)

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 5-23

Basing on activitary and evolutionary methods, the author considers becoming and development of institutes in primitive and Neolithic epochs. The transformation of instincts to protoinstitutes and protoinstitutes to institutes is analyzed. The institute is determined as synergetic unity of instinctive, protoinstitutional and strictly institutional components.

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Questions of methodology of institutional analysis: normative assessment and theory

Questions of methodology of institutional analysis: normative assessment and theory

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 24-40

The article defi nes the major methodological positions needed to determine the role of economics in the ambivalent and ambiguous social world, the formation of principles and criteria that lead to the intent and direction of the economic theory. Two main interaction forms of transformation and transaction costs, which represent the total potential costs of the economic system, are picked out.

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The state with domination of contractual principles: methodology of analysis and problems of its formation in Russia

The state with domination of contractual principles: methodology of analysis and problems of its formation in Russia

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 41-65

The article analyzes the modern state as an economic subject, which is integrated in the institutional development process. Three models of relations between the state and business are disclosed. The possibility of the contract state formation in Russia is considered.

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Evolution of the budgetary system institutions in modern Russia

Evolution of the budgetary system institutions in modern Russia

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 66-74

Article examines the contradictions of budget system institutions evolution in modern Russia, that reveal themselves in strengthening of resources centralization and redistribution function of public fi nance — on the one hand, and in creation of quasi market in public sector of economy — on the other hand.

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About debarterization and other aspects of the payment system dynamics in «Putin’s Russia»

About debarterization and other aspects of the payment system dynamics in «Putin’s Russia»

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 75-85

This work is an attempt to explain an enigma of the Russian economy’s debarterization which took place in the beginning of the XXI century in the context of institutional-and-macroeconomic analysis of the structure of payments’ system. This system is treated as the important part of an institutional environment. Debarterization is explained by a combination of long economic expansion, increasing «money supply/GDP» ratio and growing credit activity of the banks, and also administrative and tax pressing of the government. Nevertheless, the Russian payments’ system is basically different from the Western one. The main measured differences are low «money supply/GDP» ratio, high «cash money/total money supply» ratio, an absence of M3 and M4 aggregates. The main causes of this underdevelopment of the payments’ system are ineffective enforcement of the contracts by the state, high administrative barriers to entry, a lack of mutual trust, big shadow sector. The main consequences are narrow possibilities for fi nancing both expensive (and long-lived) investment projects and innovative activity.

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The car market: yesterday, today and tomorrow

The car market: yesterday, today and tomorrow

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 86-128

In article the market of cars before crisis, features of its growth on a boundary of centuries is considered, manufacturers are investigated world production of vehicles on segments and the largest companies. Change of manufacture of cars for last 20 years is shown. Dynamics of structure of the market of cars in Russia in 2001–2008 is analyzed considered, how modern crisis will affect repartition of the world market of cars and the tendency of its development (in countries and price aspects). Authors do the short-term and long-term forecast of development of the Russian market of cars.

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Scourge and hammer: economics vs. demonology

Scourge and hammer: economics vs. demonology

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 129-143

The medieval witch-hunt is represented in the article as a deliberately designed institutional change; the causes, key factors and mechanisms to ensure sustainability of this institutional change are identified.

Views: 1147

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The formation features of the basic institutions of small nations (for example, Belarus)

The formation features of the basic institutions of small nations (for example, Belarus)

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 144-152

Methods of identifying the basic institutions of small nations (ethnic groups) can be based on a complex analysis of the formation of political, economic and ideological institutions. The basic institution of the Belarusian ethnos was formed in VIII–XIII centuries. Basic institutions of the matrix allow a small nation to survive and grow, while preserving their identity in the process of evolution.

Views: 1001

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At the root of Russia’s institutionalism (from the creative heritage I.K. Ozerov)

At the root of Russia’s institutionalism (from the creative heritage I.K. Ozerov)

Journal of Institutional studies, , Vol. 2 (no. 3),
p. 153-161

In clause I.H. Ozerov’s sights at prospects of development of the Russian economy in beginning XX of a century. The special attention is given to a role of «groups of interests» in the decision of the economic before country economic, social and political problems. Shows the relationship of researches of I.H. Ozerov with modern institutional concepts.

Views: 971

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