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Russian Constitutional Conversion in the Context of Deinstitutionalization of Marriage in the USA

Russian Constitutional Conversion in the Context of Deinstitutionalization of Marriage in the USA

Journal of Institutional Studies, , Vol. 12 (no. 2),

The global trends in the transformation of the institution of the family and the attempts to normatively convert the status of the traditional family have raised a number of long-researched issues that were considered mainly in foreign literature. Is it advisable to determine the social function of marriage through procreation and the accumulation of specific marriage capital? Is marriage a guarantee of growth in the level of individual well-being, in particular due to the division of family responsibilities and costs? The discussion among leading researchers continues, but there are undeniable trends that characterize the process of deinstitutionalization of marriage. The transition to companionate marriage from institutional marriage is noted, where the latter is more and more distinguished by its symbolic value (including as the Veblen effect), rather than practical. In this regard, it is quite difficult to clearly define the social function of marriage and regulate it within the institutional framework. This statement reveals a significant challenge to social policies supporting marriage and procreation in developed countries. In the Russian Federation, constitutional amendments have been submitted to a popular vote, which in particular propose a legislative definition of marriage by analogy with the 1996 American DOMA directive. The article provides a description of this process in terms of institutional change.

Keywords: deinstitutionalization of marriage; conversion of institutions; institutional changes; marriage rate; cohabitation

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