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Cluster as the Institute of Reindustrialization Territorial and Industrial Complexes

Cluster as the Institute of Reindustrialization Territorial and Industrial Complexes

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 7 (no. 1),

In the context of reindustrialization of the economy, which is characteristic not only for developing but also for developed countries, one of the major policy areas of capacity building and restoration of the industrial production growth rates is the maximum concentration of existing capacity. One of the basic mechanisms of concentration of scientific-technical and production potential is a cluster, which is concentrated by geography group of related companies and organizations interact with each other in order to reduce investment costs and facilitate the search for highly specialized experts, as well as access to new technologies, methods Management, based suppliers and buyers. Currently in operation on the territory of Russian clusters that are based on the Soviet scientific-production associations generally have a positive effect on the economy of the region, including its investment and innovation, which allows us to consider the clusters as institutions implementing the strategy of reindustrialization.

Keywords: reindustrialization; clusters; innovation and technology clusters; the region's economy; innovation activity; employment in the economy.

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