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Regional aspects of development of public and private spheres of creative economy (on example of higher education)

Regional aspects of development of public and private spheres of creative economy (on example of higher education)

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 9 (no. 2),

The article raises the question of regional aspects of differentiation in terms of the degree of development of the creative economy and its public and private spheres in relation to such a sector as higher education. As a spatial unit of analysis, Federal Districts and regions – subjects of the Russian Federation were chosen. Based on the analysis of statistical data provided by Rosstat, the author comes to the conclusion that in such a sector of the creatosphere as education, public (state) ownership is the most significant for satisfying the needs of the population, and private property plays the role of an additional factor that, which in a number of cases makes it possible to smooth out the shortage caused by inadequate state participation. In particular, this manifests itself in a greater proportion of private institutions of higher learning in those regions where the population's availability of public institutions is lower than the national average. It is only possible to provide the population with higher educational institutions, mainly at the expense of the private sphere, to rare regions. In addition, the study of statistical data in the regional context confirms the conclusion of a number of researchers of the creative economy that the public sector of the creatosphere provides greater equality in access to creative goods. In particular, with respect to the subject of our research – higher education, this is manifested in the fact that a significant sector of public institutions of higher learning is the main condition for maintaining a relatively low regional differentiation in terms of access to education, while the private higher education develops predominantly in the richest regions and reinforces regional inequalities in this area.

Keywords: creatosphere, private intellectual property, the public sector, the regions of Russia, education, creative economy

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