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Problem Aspects of Formation in Russia of «The Smart Cities»

Problem Aspects of Formation in Russia of «The Smart Cities»

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 10 (no. 2),

In article difficult aspects of interrelation of various factors influencing an economic ecosystem of the «smart cities» created in Russia are considered. The corresponding problems take place not only in Russia. Understanding of problems is important for development of Strategy of formation and development of such cities at the regional and municipal levels and also for ensuring cost efficiency of infrastructure innovations. It is to note that smart city is not only a technical issue but also smart governance as a complex process of institutional change and acknowledgement of appealing visions of socio-technical governance. The national project «Digital Economy» which part are design actions for formation of «the smart cities» is aimed at institutional changes and improvement of quality of life of the population. In Russia now «the smart cities» are implemented rather as technocratic projects, without a factor of need of simultaneous transformation of economy of municipal economy that is unambiguously treated by the author of article as unjustified increase of risks. In the conditions of scarce budgets additional loading as on purchase of technologies and the computerized artifacts in the absence of the trained staff can be apprehended by control supervisory authorities as inefficient expenditure of budgetary funds. Exit from the mentioned impasse seems in formation at the municipal level of the business models considering not only economic indicators of payback of innovations, but also the prospects of development of the technologies offered to application. New business models have to become an integral part of projects of «the smart cities», allowing to create the cost which can be used for the solution of the economic problems existing in municipalities

Keywords: digital economy; smart cities; business-model; risks; infrastructure

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