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Economic Mechanisms of Family Policy in Russia in The Context of The COVID-19 Pandemic

Economic Mechanisms of Family Policy in Russia in The Context of The COVID-19 Pandemic

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 12 (no. 3),

The increasing decline in the population of Russia during the pandemic period has caused a new wave of measures to support the population, especially families with children. The article decomposes the existing family policy in Russia, highlighting the prevailing economic mechanisms for stimulating the birth rate and supporting marriage; an analysis of a set of family policy measures was carried out for their adequacy to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, and recommendations were made to improve the mechanisms of family policy in Russia in order to increase their effectiveness. It is shown that state measures to support marriage and fertility both at the federal and regional levels are characterized by fragmentation and proceed from the narrative of a traditional large family, which is de facto also low-income. In general, family policy focuses on the federal level of support, while the regional level is virtually absent. The complex of economic mechanisms of family policy is characterized, and their emphasis on quantitative support of the birth rate is shown; the proposed measures are not strictly focused on marriage. Most of the designated conditions of the federal center are focused on children and motherhood, without affecting the specific circumstances of the family as a union of a man and a woman. A grouping of measures by regional authorities to prevent the negative consequences of COVID-19 and proposals for the participation of regions in the implementation of the economic mechanisms of family policy in Russia are presented.


Keywords: economic mechanisms; family policy; family households; Covid-19 pandemic

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