Pushkinskaya st. 43. office 10
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
344082
e-mail: info@hjournal.ru 
tel. +7(863) 269-88-14

cubsEN (2)

The Social Security System in China: Historical Approach

The Social Security System in China: Historical Approach

Journal of Economic Regulation, , Vol. 12 (no. 3),

This article discusses the stages and characteristics of social security in China within the framework of the historical approach. Although the institutional practice of the social security system appeared in ancient China in the early 20th century, some elements of social security have already existed in ancient China in the Western Zhou period. The social security system was formed in a long historical period from Western Zhou Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty. This system was dif-ferent from the western countries and had a complex ideological basis. It was based on the traditional elements like country, folk, culture, religion, family, clan, and others. With the alternation of dynasties, social security still has the characte-ristics of locality, national responsibility, cultural characteristics, the role of the family, and other fundamental characteristics. This system of protection is based on social assistance and continues its importance so far. The historical approach has identified key stages and the traditional institutional practices of social securi-ty, which the Chinese system of social support for the poor relies upon.


Keywords: social security; historical approach; state responsibility; social stability

References:
  • Автономов В.В. (2020). В поисках человека: очерки по истории и методологии эконо- мической науки. М., СПб: Издательство института Гайдара, Факультет свободных искусств и наук СПбГУ. [Avtonomov V.V. (2020). In Search of a Man: Essays on the History and Methodology of Economic Science. M., St. Petersburg: Press of the Gaidar Institute, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences of St. Petersburg State University. (In Russian).]
  • Михалкина Е.В. (2014). Экономика общественного сектора. М.: Издательско-торговая корпорация «Дашков и К»; Ростов н/Д: Наука-Спектр. [Mikhalkina E.V. (2014). Public Sector Economics. Moscow: Publishing and Trading Corporation “Dashkov & K”; Rostovon- Don: Nauka-Spektr. (In Russian).]
  • Моррис И.М. (2016). Почему властвует Запад... по крайней мере, пока еще. М.: Карьера Пресс. [Morris I.M. (2016). Why the West West Rules – For Now. M.: Career Press. (In Russian).]
  • Chang K. (2005). Labor Relations. Beijing: China Labor and Social Security Press. (In Chinese 常凯.劳动关系学.北京:中国劳动社会保障出版社. 2005).
  • Chang K. (2013). The Collectivization of Labor Relations and the Improvement of Government Labor Policy. Chinese Social Sciences 06: 91–108 + 206. (In Chinese 常凯.劳动关系 的集体化转型与政府劳工政策的完善// 中国社会科学. 06: 91–108 + 206, 2013).
  • Deng D. (2015). Social Insurance (Third Edition). Beijing: China Labor and Social Security Press. [In Chinese 邓大松主编 (2015). 社会保险(第三版).北京:中国劳动社会保障出版社].
  • Deng Y. (1984). History of Famine in China. Shanghai: Shanghai Bookstore. (In Chinese 邓云特.中国灾荒史.上海:上海书店. 1984).
  • Ding J. (2004). History of Social Security System in Western Countries. Beijing: China Labor and Social Security Press. (In Chinese 丁建定. 西方国家社会保障制度史.北京:中国劳动 社会保障出版社. 2004).
  • Guanzi·Qing. Zhong Jia (In Chinese: 管子·轻重甲).
  • Historical Records·Xia Benji (In Chinese 史记·夏本纪).Li Ji·Li Yun. (Book of Rites) (In Chinese 礼记·礼运篇).
  • Li Z. (2017). Social Security Theory (Fourth Edition). Beijing: China Labor and Social Security Press. [In Chinese 李珍主编.社会保障理论(第四版).北京:中国劳动社会保障出版社. 2017].
  • Liu X., Wen X., Pan T., Dou X. (2020). Review and Prospect of 70 Years’ Research on Labor Relations in China. Journal of China Institute of labor relations 34 (02): 1–10. (In Chinese 刘向兵,闻效仪,潘泰萍,窦学伟.中国劳动关系研究70年回顾与展望// 中国劳动关系学院学报. 34 (02): 1–10, 2020).
  • Shen K. (2018). Social Security in China. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press. (In Chinese 沈 开艳.中国社会保障.北京:清华大学出版社. 2018.
  • Song Hui Yao Ji Gao·Shi Huo (In Chinese 宋会要辑稿·食货).
  • Su Y. (1992). Chunqiu Fanlu Yizheng. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. (In Chinese 苏 舆.春秋繁露义证.北京:中华书局.1992).
  • Wei M. (2007). Understanding of Natural Disasters in Early Tang Dynasty and the Government Decision on Disaster Relief – Reading Notes of Zhenguan Political Chief. Learning and Practice 2007 (02). [In Chinese 魏明孔 (2007). 唐初对自然灾害的认识及政府赈灾决策述论––读 〈贞观政要〉札记// 学习与实践. 2007 (02)].
  • World Social Protection Report 2017-19: Universal Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. (2019). URL: http://ilo.org/global/publications/books/WCMS_604882/lang--en/index.htm
  • Yang B. (1960). Translation and Annotation of the Analects of Confucius. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. (In Chinese 杨伯峻.论语译注.北京:中华书局. 1960).
  • Yang B. (1960). Translated Notes of Mencius. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. (In Chinese 杨伯峻.孟子译注.北京:中华书局. 1960).
  • Yi Zhou Shu Zuo Luo (In Chinese 逸周书作雒).
  • Zheng G. (1992). Disaster Situation and Relief Work in Chinese History // Economic review. 1992 (5). (In Chinese 郑功成.关于我国历史上的灾情与救灾工作// 经济评论. 1992 (5).
  • Zheng G. (2002). Changes and Evaluation of China’s Social Security System. Beijing: China Renmin University Press. (In Chinese 郑功成.中国社会保障制度变迁与评估.北京:中国人民大学出版社. 2002).
  • Zheng G. (2009). On China’s Social security. Beijing: China Labor and Social Security Press. (In Chinese 郑功成 (2009). 中国社会保障论.北京:中国劳动社会保障出版社. 2009).
  • Zheng G. (2017). The Historical Logic and Future Choice of Social Security and National Governance. Social Security Review 101: 24–33 + 62. (In Chinese 郑功成. 社会保障与国家治理的历史逻辑及未来选择// 社会保障评论. 101: 24–33 + 62, 2017).
  • Zheng Q. (2009). Collective Negotiation and Collective Contract System in 30 Years of Labor Relations Change in China. Modern Communication 02: 64–73. (In Chinese 郑桥.中国劳 动关系变迁30年之集体协商和集体合同制度 // 现代交际. 02: 64–73, 2009).
  • Zhou Li·Di Guan Si Tu (In Chinese 周礼·地官司徒).
  • Zou J. (2009). General History of China: Нistory of Wei, Jin, North and South Dynasties. Taiwan: Jiuzhou Press. (In Chinese 邹纪万.中国通史:魏晋南北朝史. 台湾:九州出版社. 2009).
Publisher: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Founder: Ltd. "Humanitarian perspectives"
Online ISSN: 2412-6047
ISSN: 2078-5429